GTRI uses LIDAR to Improve Tracking of Aerial Systems
Dec 17, 2021 — Atlanta, GA
Bullet Time, a visual effect made famous by the 1999 film, "The Matrix," has implications well beyond Hollywood.
Researchers at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) have developed a new optical tracking technology called Bullet Time that uses a LIDAR system to track small airborne targets – such as drones – in cluttered environments.
Bullet Time provides an alternative to fire control radar (FCR) that are susceptible to advanced countermeasures. FCRs are particularly vulnerable to tactical exploitation because of their unique characteristics, such as radio frequency and pulse duration, that allow adversaries to identify the radar and, in turn, the type of weapon system it controls.
This project could also enable a low-cost, RF (radio frequency) silent intercept solution to protect warfighters from current and emerging threats, namely unauthorized drones that are becoming increasingly difficult to identify and thwart.
"Little drones are starting to show up all over the place in the world, and they're kind of problematic," said Brandon Vaughan, a GTRI research engineer who leads the Bullet Time project. "When you're trying to identify really small targets, drones and birds can start to look a lot alike, especially in cluttered environments."
During a set of field tests in May and June at a GTRI facility, researchers demonstrated the ability for Bullet Time to perform a precision 3D track of an outbound ballistic target in real time. The demonstration proved that this technology provides a new optical search and track solution in fire control applications.
Bullet Time won IRAD (Independent Research and Development) of the Year in fiscal year 2021.
"The intent with this IRAD was to stretch the boundary with what you can do with a LIDAR," Vaughan said. "The system we designed gives an update about 600 times per second on the range of the target within a few centimeters, the reflectance of the target, and crude measurements of its physical dimensions. You can also get an idea of how bright it is and whether there's any kind of modulation on it."
Bullet Time has already been incorporated into various sponsored projects.
During field testing, the team noticed that insects represented an unexpected, yet, encouraging source of clutter, as it demonstrated the sensitivity of the LIDAR system. GTRI will use a velocity filter to remove insect clutter from the data.
"We were able to track the movement of insects at a range of approximately 100 yards," said Vaughan. "This is a good problem to have – it means our system is extremely sensitive."
Writer: Anna Akins
Georgia Tech Research Institute
Atlanta, Georgia USA
The Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) is the nonprofit, applied research division of the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). Founded in 1934 as the Engineering Experiment Station, GTRI has grown to more than 2,800 employees supporting eight laboratories in over 20 locations around the country and performing more than $700 million of problem-solving research annually for government and industry. GTRI's renowned researchers combine science, engineering, economics, policy, and technical expertise to solve complex problems for the U.S. federal government, state, and industry.
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