Food-Energy-Water Systems

Food, energy, and water are three of the most fundamental resources that people rely upon for, not only their comfort, but for survival. This is especially true of urban dwelling people. Cities offer many opportunities for a reduced carbon footprint. However, a large proportion of the resources necessary for a city’s function require importation. Once used, the waste derived from resource use is exported from the city. Natural systems run on food (nutrient), energy, and water as well, but nature keeps imports and exports to a minimum by closing the loops on food, energy, and water cycles. The BBISS is researching ways that the design, construction, and operation of urban infrastructure can function more like natural systems to save water and energy, cycle nutrients back into localized food production, reduce carbon emissions, and increase sustainability and resilience.

Rare Earth Elements Occurrence and Economical Recovery Strategy from Shale Gas Wastewater in the Sichuan Basin, China
Lun Tian, Haiqing Chang, Peng Tang, Tong Li, Xiaofei Zhang, Shi Liu, Qiping He, Ting Wang, Jiaqi Yang, Yuhua Bai, Radisav D. Vidic, John C. Crittenden, Baicang Liu, 2020, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8, 32, 11914–11920, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c04971.

Thermolytic Osmotic Heat Engine for Low-grade Heat Harvesting: Thermodynamic Investigation and Potential Application Exploration
Xin Tong, Su Liu, Junchen Yan, Osvaldo A. Broesicke, Yongsheng Chen, John C. Crittenden, 2020, Applied Energy, 259, 114192, DOI:  10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114192.

Hormesis Effects of Phosphorus on the Viability of Chlorella regularis Cells Under Nitrogen Limitation
Liang Fu, Qingcheng Li, Ge Yan, Dandan Zhou, John C. Crittenden, 2019, Biotechnology for Biofuels, 12:121, DOI:  10.1186/s13068-019-1458-z.

Dietary Uptake Patterns Affect Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification of Hydrophobic Organic Compounds in Fish
Haotian Wang, Xinghui Xia, Ran Liu, Zixuan Wang, Yawei Zhai, Hui Lin, Wu Wen, Yang Li, Dahui Wang, Zhifeng Yang, Derek C. G. Muir, John C. Crittenden, 2019, Environmental Science and Technology, 53 (8), 4274–4284, DOI:  10.1021/acs.est.9b00106.

A Freestanding Graphene Oxide Membrane for Efficiently Harvesting Salinity Gradient Power
Xin Tong, Xin Wang, Su Liu, Haiping Gao, Chunyan Xu, John C. Crittenden, Yongsheng Chen, 2018, Carbon, 138, 410-418, DOI:  10.1016/j.carbon.2018.07.064.

Quorum Sensing Molecules in Activated Sludge Could Trigger Microalgae Lipid Synthesis
Chaofan Zhang, Qingcheng Li, Liang Fu, Dandan Zhou, John C. Crittenden, 2018, Bioresource Technology, 263, 576–582, DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.05.045.

Ball-Milled Carbon Nanomaterials for Energy and Environmental Applications
Honghong Lyu, Bin Gao, Feng He, Cheng Ding, Jingchun Tang, and John C. Crittenden, 2017, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 5 (11), pp 9568–9585, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02170.

Responses of the Microalga Chlorophyta sp. to Bacterial Quorum Sensing Molecules (N-Acylhomoserine Lactones): Aromatic Protein-Induced Self-Aggregation
Dandan Zhou, Chaofan Zhang, Liang Fu, Liang Xu, Xiaochun Cui, Qingcheng Li, John C. Crittenden,” 2017, Environmental Science and Technology, 51 (6), 3490-3498, DOI:  10.1021/acs.est.7b00355.

Courtyard Integrated Ecological System: An Ecological Engineering Practice in China and its Economic Environmental Benefit
Baolong Han, Zhiyun Ouyang, Hongxiao Liu, Zhifu Cui, Zhongming Lu, John C. Crittenden, 2016, Journal of Cleaner Production, 133, 1363-1370, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.061.

Assessing the Potential for Growth and Innovation at the Nexus of Food, Energy, Water, and Transportation Systems
presented at the National Science Foundation Expert Workshop by Osvaldo A. Broesicke, John C. Crittenden, Michael Chang, organized by the BBISS, Arlington, VA, February 11, 2016. Download ~3.4 MB